I bought my Zeiss Ikon Nettar 6×6 folder in 1992 for $50, pretty much in perfect nick. At the time I was shooting a Mamiya RB67 professionally; exclusively running Fuji Velvia through it for magazine covers and editorial work. For stories that didn’t pay enough to justify medium format I used 35mm Velvia or Sensia in a Nikon FM2, for which I owned precisely three prime lenses. I had a medium format enlarger that I used with black and white film for fun, so I thought the Nettar would make a nice travel camera.
I only shot a couple of rolls with it back then. The lens did not impress me much with its sharpness. This was back before digital of course, so there was no “film look” – everything was film back then.
Anyway, the camera sat in a cupboard for 25 years. I pulled it out every now and again, but the shutter had stuck, so I would just admire it and put it back.
In 2017, I started shooting a bit of 35mm film again for one of my art projects. I wanted square format, so I was using an Agfa Rapid that shot 24x24mm on 135 film. 35mm was not doing it for me though, I did not feel an empathy with it. It was too small and fiddly to handle; not organic enough.
I pulled the Nettar II out again. Lo and behold, the shutter was working perfectly! I took this as a sign and bought myself a pro pack of Kodak Portra 400.
So let’s have a bit of a closer look at this camera. Zeiss Ikon, of course, needs no introduction. They made a lot of folding cameras – and the Nettars were the cheap ones, but shared bodies with the more expensive Ikontas. This camera is very basic, even for the early 1950s when it was made.
It’s a viewfinder only zone focus camera – no rangefinder. The lens is a Novar Anastigmat 75mm f/6.3, which I think is a triplet. Let’s just say that it is not too bad stopped down, and has a lovely softness wide open.
This is the thing though – In 2018 you’re not shooting this camera for ultimate resolution.
Here’s how it works:
You open the back, wind the film on, close it, wind on until you see the little number “1” in the ruby glass window at back, and away you go.
Shutter speeds, aperture and focus all happen up the front around the lens. There are three marked speeds; 1/25, 1/75 and 1/200s. Apertures are smooth from f/6.3 to f/22. When you’re ready to take a shot you cock the shutter, frame the shot, and press the silver button on top.
There’s a reassuring little buzz as the cocking lever flips back and you wind on so you won’t double expose. There are no stops or interlocks, you’re on your own regarding when and how far you wind the film.
Here’s the gotcha: I’m shooting Kodak Portra and the numbers on the film backing are a kind of purple (I think) that is almost impossible to see through the ruby glass of the window. It is really easy to miss the numbers, and if you’re shooting at dawn or dusk it pays to take some kind of flashlight with you. Or use your iPhone light, which I would have anyway as I’m using a light-meter app to get the exposure.
So what’s it like and why do I like it? It is damned simple and it works.
It is small; It’s about the same size as my APS-C mirrorless bodies and way smaller than a 35mm SLR. It is tough. When it’s folded up there is nothing exposed to the elements and it slips into a small pouch I found in a cupboard at home. There are no batteries or electronics to bug you.
What’s it good for? Landscapes. Landscapes when you are out hiking or travelling. I’m writing this from my hotel room in Southern Western Australia where I’ve just done a nine-day bike tour taking the Nettar. I’ve just posted a roll back home for my daughter to have processed for me.
I’m shooting it because I really like the results I get from it. I have a thing about the square format at the moment. I’m a visual artist and all my paintings are square. I figured for my personal photo work I would stick to square as well. I like the shop scans I get from it, but I really like to show the edges of the frame, so that mean scanning the film myself, which I do with a light box and DSLR.
Here’s another thing: for me, it works with modern film in a way that it never would have back in the 1950s. Let me explain. I like to shoot at dawn or when it’s dingy and overcast to get the mood I’m after. In the 1950s you’d be shooting 50 ASA – maybe 100 tops, and with the minimum shutter speed of 1/25s you won’t have enough light at f/6.3. On the other side of that, when it’s daylight but dingy I can just get away with 1/200s and f/22 without overexposing. On a bright day, I’m overexposed, but those are not the conditions I favour. So I can use it in 2018 in a way I never could have back in the day.
That’s about it.
What’s it not good for? Anything except moody landscapes I’d say. Of course, with no rangefinder and no idea how accurate the distance scale on the lens is, it’s not a go-to camera for portraits! Having said that, I did shoot a couple of my daughter to finish a roll, and yeah, I got one I liked.
Best you have a look at what I’ve been doing with it and make your own mind. The cost of admission is very low if you want to pick one up and take it for a spin.
Write for EMULSIVE
EMULSIVE is all about promoting knowledge transfer across the film photography community. You can help by contributing your thoughts, work and ideas to inspire others reading these pages: check out the submission guide.
If you like what you're reading you can help this passion project by heading on over to the EMULSIVE Patreon page. There's also print and apparel over at Society 6, currently showcasing over two dozen t-shirt designs and over a dozen unique photographs available for purchase.