The Olympus 35 SP holds a SPecial and somewhat privileged status in my pretty modest camera collection. For around seven months it has been almost the only 35mm camera I have used (the main exception is the point and shoot, Nikon L35AF). The 35 SP really has an immense amount going for it and it more than pulls its weight in the world of rangefinders, let alone fixed lens rangefinders.
It’s an overused phrase but the SP really is a hell of a lot of bang for your buck. So, before I get stuck in, here’s what’s covered in this review:
My Olympus 35 SP story
I came to own an Olympus 35 SP after trying a couple of Yashica fixed lens rangefinders. I had been perusing eBay and had found a cheap Yashica Minister II and a Yashica Electro GS. The former was fine and fun enough but once i shot a roll and fixed the rangefinder alignment. I put it back on eBay and got my money back. The Electro GS was, in many ways, a better purchase, its lens in particular was a lot better, however the clunkiness, cheap feeling, size and lack of manual controls wound me up. I still have it but just never use it. It’s soon to be checked and sold or given away.
Early one Saturday morning, back on eBay (I know!), I came across a 35 SP for £50 on a Buy It Now or Make An Offer auction that had been listed only 20 minutes earlier.
Having read about this camera whilst looking into two rangefinders to replace my Yashica 35 GS (the Canonet QL17 and Minolta CLE), I knew it was highly regarded. The 35 SP appealed to me because it seemed to have the stylings of the CLE (A sort of ugly-beautiful; a right-angle-brickish-rectangular beauty) and the functionality/price range of the Canonet. £50 was already a great price and there was no chance I was missing out whilst waiting for a reply on an offer, so I paid the full £50 and haven’t looked back.
Upon receiving and trying out the camera I quickly realised the impressive nature of this humble rangefinder. My copy is in very good condition, fully working, but with a minor ding in the left hand side. Now, I will admit I lucked out, that’s a good deal, but an SP in such condition is still usually still under £100.
A hell of a deal for what you get.
The Olympus 35 SP is my Leica-killer (gasp!)
No, I’m not saying that it is ‘better’ than any Leica M out there. In all likelihood, it isn’t. What I mean is a completely subjective point, (and I don’t mean that in a modest ‘my-humble-opinion’ kind of way). I just really enjoy using it.
It just sits in my hand and does what I want it to do, despite its idiosyncrasies. Why then do I call it a Leica-killer? Well, it is, so far, the only rangefinder (or camera in general) I have owned or used that has quashed my desire for an M3 (or a Minolta CLE). In a way I really doubt it is even on a par in many ways. In fact, I couldn’t even compare the two as I have (intentionally and tactically) avoided trying any Leica M.
The point is, I simply don’t need to try or get one right now (also my wallet screameth ‘No!’). The SP currently does very nearly everything I would want from a rangefinder, and it does it all with minimal fuss. I tend to judge a camera based on how little I notice using it, how intuitive it feels when out shooting.
The Olympus 35 rangefinder family
The SP is one iteration of five variations on a theme made by Olympus (the ED, RC, DC, RD and SP). It is creme de la creme of a seriously impressive set of fixed lens rangefinders.
Manufactured by Olympus in the 1960s and 70s under the guise ‘Olympus 35 XX’, they all have a similar 70s aesthetic (that aforementioned rectangular beauty). The SP is by far the most technically and optically proficient of the set.
I have only shot the RC and the SP but they are both superb for quite different reasons with the SP Olympus managed a equipoise of function, quality and price. A well-equipped, beast of a fixed lens rangefinder, there’s a lot to write home about, and little to bemoan.
If you are unacquainted with fixed lens rangefinders, it means that no matter how much you jam that 50mm Summicron on, whatever way you twist and push, it just won’t work. You’ll be left with a pile of dented metal and broken glass drenched in tears. That lens is stuck on there. Someone has been at that thing with a Kragle. It’s fixed.
In the end, if you want a variety of lenses, obviously it isn’t the camera for you
It does, nevertheless, give you some choice when it comes to metering. A dual metering system is one real stand out feature of the SP. Apparently it is the only (or one of very few) rangefinders to have this. It boasts a 20 degree centre weighted meter and 6 degree spot meter which change at the touch-and-hold of a button.
Both have been consistently very reliable in a range of lighting conditions with the Weincell battery (more about this later). To change from centre weighted to spot meter you push/release a small red button positioned just to the left of the winder.
The positioning and functionality of the spot meter is perfect. It is just where it needs to be and gives you a quick meter reading of the shadows/highlights or whatever you need. I have found myself using the spot meter a lot, especially with backlighting but also just for Zone System related antics.
Size wise, it is not a small rangefinder and next to the RC it feels like a Behemoth. Nevertheless it is smaller than the Yashica GS. More so, whereas the Yashica feels just that bit too big, the Olympus 35 SP really sits nicely in the hand and is of decent size and weight.
Speaking of which, the body itself feels very solid, all metal, weighty and high quality. It measures 129 x 76 x 61mm (WxHxD).
The body has the minimal necessary stuff on it. The top plate has a film rewind knob, hot shoe, serial number, frame counter (which resets automatically when the back is opened), shutter release button and film advance lever.
Rear / left side
The rear of the camera has only the viewfinder, spot meter button and battery check button. The bottom left-hand side has a very small lever to pull to open the back and a neat little grooved dial to set ISO. The ISO selector ranges from 25-800 (DIN is also there if that floats your boat). The dial moves a simple aperture on the rightmost window on the front of the camera (see the next section).
The front of the SP is pretty busy in a tidy and organised sort of way. It has several windows for light meters and the rangefinder along the top (middle to right), a PC sync flash port and obviously, the lens.
The flash sync is available for all shutter speeds.
The bottom plate has a battery compartment, standard tripod mount and rewind button (this can be used to enable double exposures).
The lens, AKA they call me Mr Glass
Fortunately, despite the inability to change or choose lenses, the lens you’ll find stuck on the SP is pretty near faultless. Aside from the spot meter, it is the other stand out feature to the camera. The lens is a Zuiko 42mm f/1.7. ‘Zuiko’ straight away hints at the quality and the 42mm focal length, so people claim, is the focal length most similar to the human eye.
That Zuiko glass produces some very sharp images. It is pretty sharp wide open but you do notice a difference between, say f/1.7 and about f/2.8 when it really starts to shine. You also get minor vignetting at f/1.7 too but I only really notice this if I’m shooting something with very bright corners and even then, it is not that bad.
The lens has a five-bladed aperture meaning when it flares at about f/3.5 onwards you can get very obvious pentagonal flaring.
As mentioned above, 42mm is supposedly the focal length most like human sight. I don’t really know if that’s right. More importantly, I doubt if it is actually that important unless that is the very specific requirement you have. What I do know is it is an intuitive focal length falling midway between the two most popular ‘standard’ lengths, 50mm and 35mm.
Those versed in either will not be too far out of their comfort zone. I previously shot mainly with 50mm (or 80mm in MF) lenses and 42mm gives me noticeably more in my field without changing how I frame shots too drastically.
It stops me having to take that extra step back I found myself taking with a 50mm, when subjects are just that tiniest bit too close. People may well say that the difference of 8mm is not possibly noticeable but for me, it works and I am now much more comfortable with it than the 50mm I used to use.
Obviously, focal length is a personal thing though, if you don’t like it, just get another lens – oh wait.
The lens continued, AKA Lord of The Rings
Almost every functional aspect of the camera is found right there on the lens. If you think about it, though not conventional, it just makes sense.
Your hand is always there and everything you need is ‘at your fingertips’. Aperture, shutter speed, self-timer and (of course) focus are all on there. Working outward from the body you have focus, self-timer, aperture, then shutter speed.
The focus ring has distance scale but no zone focus or depth of field information. The focus throw is a neat 45 degrees with a sticky-out bit to hold. This makes it very fast to focus with a bit of practice. I found myself initially turning too far but once used to, it is very efficient for fast focussing.
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Between the focus and aperture ring (to the left in the picture below), is the flicky doohickey for self-timer which times for about 9 seconds.
The aperture ring runs from f/1.7 to f/16 (f22 when the camera is in auto mode apparently, I don’t know why). Speaking of which, Auto mode, marked “A” on the barrel, sits just to the left of f/16. Further to the left are the preset flash settings.
The shutter speed ring is next. Speeds run from A(uto) mode all the way on the right to 1/500s and then down in single-stop increments to 1s and finally bulb. There is also a small cutout on the shutter speed dial, which shows an EV number (more on that later).
The shutter speed and aperture rings are of different sizes, feel and colour, making it very unlikely you’ll pick the wrong one in a hurry when you’re adjusting aperture/speeds with the camera to your eye.
The filter thread is a very convenient 49mm. This makes it easy and cheap to find filters. I picked up a set of yellow, orange and red for around £15 including delivery – lots of camera/manufacturers seemed to make this their standard size, e.g. my Pentax MX also has 49mm filter thread.
It’s worth noting that the shutter speed and aperture rings turn in opposite directions. It sounds strange I know, and this caught me out a little for a while. The direction for increasing the exposure on one decreases the exposure on the other. The useful thing about this is if you grip both simultaneously and turn them, they will lock to keep your exposure the same.
So, if your meter reading has suggested f/8 and 1/125s, gripping and turning both will move you to f/5.6 and 1/250s or f/4 and 1/500 in one direction, or to f/11 and 1/60s or f/16 and 1/30s in the other. Once you’re used to this it can be pretty useful.
The viewfinder is decent, bright and easy to use. The rangefinder patch in the centre is relatively small but it represents the area for spot metering, so serves a dual purpose.
The viewfinder’s frame lines have extra markings for parallax correction (see the extra markings on the inside of the top left and right of the framelines above).
Finally, the bar along the top shows EV (Exposure Value) numbers, which correspond to numbers EV shown in the cutout on the lens’ shutter speed dial.
Making an exposure
The SP has a somewhat bohemian way to meter and select exposure. If you want to use the built-in meter, you have to look through the viewfinder and note the EV value from the meter scale.
Next, you must look at the lens and set the aperture and shutter speed by selecting the same value from the little cutout on the shutter speed dial.
In reality, this is a much quicker and somewhat more intuitive process than it seems on paper (screen?).
Unlike other cameras in the Olympus 35 XX series, the 35 SP dies not rely on the meter to function, and manual exposure combinations can be selected if your meter is broken, or battery missing/dead.
If you do have a battery installed, you need to be aware that the only way to turn off the meter is to keep the camera in a dark place, or use Olympus’ ever-ready case (more on that later).
(AKA well oh man she’s got issues and I’m gonna pay)
Sad as it is to say, the Olympus 35 SP is far from flawless.
Though noticeable, the issues I’ll explain have not hindered my use of the camera. They have however made me wonder why Olympus didn’t have the foresight to avoid such issues. They created an outstanding camera with some glaringly obvious issues.
First, the battery. The camera was originally meant to be powered by a 1.35 volt mercury cell. Today this presents the user with an issue, although a fairly common one with cameras of the era. Banned (and rightly so) for environmental reasons, mercury cells require some sort of work around. I guess this first issue is not really a fault of the manufacturer or design.
What about a solution? Well, there are several options:
- A CLA and adjustment of the meter for new cheap alkaline 1.5v batteries.
- An adapter for the same such batteries which changes the voltage to 1.35.
- A Wein Cell – a modern version of the PX 625 1.35 v – which has the advantage of a consistent and steady voltage with a very quick drop off towards the end of its life. This is more akin to the original mercury cell than newer alkaline versions, the latter of which have a steady decrease in voltage over time which can cause issues for light meters. It’s worth saying that These Weincell are not cheap, they come in at £5 a pop. That said, this is my chosen work around.
The Meter positioning
The meters are both positioned on the top right-hand corner of the camera as you look at the front of it. Two problems are apparent and it seems Olympus just didn’t foresee these or just didn’t figure it was an issue:
No through-the-lens-metering and so any filters you put on your lens will have to be manually adjusted for.
No biggie. Not really a problem for me, as I can live with these manual adjustments.
The real problem here is that the meter is always on. Always on. So this means that by just sitting on the shelf, your expensive Weincell mercury-replacement battery will be gradually and constantly draining.
This just really annoys me but of course, there are solutions:
- Remove the battery (every time?! Probably not going to happen. I know I will forget to either take it out or put it back in on one vitally important occasion).
- A dark cupboard (my current solution, not great for longer term storage though, and how can I marvel at its beauty?)
- The ever-ready case. This just gets in the way making it quite clumpy to carry but also somewhat protected from bumps. Annoyingly, the half case doesn’t stand on its own because of the tripod mount attachment/ case attachment lock.
This is an annoying problem that feels like it could have been tackled easily with something simple like an off switch (in fact, the RC has an off switch on the aperture ring even though the lens cap actually covers the meter, so in effect the RC has two ways of turning off the meter, why not on the SP!?).
[EM: I had the (n)ever ready case for my SP and it was great from the point of view of extending the battery life but a total pain to use. Another option you can try is to make a “door” to cover the light meter using black paper and tape. It’s not horrendously ugly and much easier to use.]
Viewfinder meter readout
The in-the-viewfinder meter readout is in EV values, rather than in aperture and shutter speed. So if you want to check these you have to take it away from your eye to check. This is actually never a problem for me but could well be for some.
I often shoot the camera in its manual and use the spot meter function as though it were a separate meter. Hold it up to the eye, take a reading, hold down adjust aperture and shutter speed then ready to shoot. Otherwise, if feeling lazy I shoot full auto and use the centre weighted meter and spot when needed. Not so much need for knowledge of settings in lazy-mode.
The only problem I actually have with the camera is the shutter sound. The shutter is loud compared to many other rangefinders I have tried. The shutter release is fairly heavy and clumsy feeling and there is a light noticeable shutter vibration.
It’s quieter than my Pentax MX but that is loud, and has a mirror to flap about too.
All in all, the Olympus 35 SP is a very impressive camera.
So good in many ways, yet strangely flawed in others, my theory that it’s shortfalls were planned by Olympus, worried that if they solved them, they really would have created a faultless rangefinder. A kind of self-sabotage to guarantee the long-term sales of future cameras.
Without these issues, the SP would have been a sort of Olympic and eternal Rennie Deflatine of cameras, destroying GAS left, right and centre.
In all seriousness, I really do like this camera.
~ Matt Parry
Olympus 35 SP technical specifications
|Camera name||Olympus 35 SP
(SP for "SPotmeter"
|Camera type||Fixed lens rangefinder|
Black and silver finish versions available. Later updated with the 35 SPn (updated trim and battery-check light).
|Lens mount||Fixed lens: Zuiko 42mm f/1.7. Close focus of 2.8ft|
31mm base length
22mm effective base length
|Viewfinder||Single x0.70 magnification
Meter value display
|Shutter||SEIKO-FLA mechanical leaf shutter
1 sec - 1/500 sec manual shutter speeds
1/15 sec - 1/250 sec auto shutter speeds
B mode (manual)
|Metering||CdS meter (5.5-17 EV)
Requires PX-625 mercury cell, or Weincell 625 replacement. Compatible with #675 hearing aid battery with adapter
Coupled to ISO selector dial
Match needle indicator
ISO 25 - 800
Default center weighted average, 6 degree spot meter activated via button
|Flash||X-Sync up to 1/500 second
|Wind / Rewind||Lever advance
Counter resets after black is opened
Folding crank rewind
|Loading||Swing open back load - single locking mechanism|
|Finish||Chrome and black (rare)|
|140 x 81 x 31mm (WxHxD, no case)
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A bit late to the game here (2023), but having just gotten my 35 SP today it is only now that I have had a chance to at least expose some frames of Fuji 400 film. My copy is pretty flawless with tight control rings, easy to advance film lever, and smooth and light shutter release. I must have lucked into a good copy. It is an earlier model than your 35 SPn with battery check button. I am puzzled by your comment on shutter noise as mine is as quite as any lens shutter I have used (think Yashica D). Also, because of this it feels a lot less jarring than any SLR that I own or have used (Olympus M-1 comes close though). I have some other manual rangefinder cameras (Niko S2, Leica IIIc, Canon P) and so far I am enjoying the 35 SP experience a bit more. Look forward to reviewing the negatives. Great article.
Unfortunately, “The not-so-good” are deal-breakers for me. I rarely use spot metering, so having a camera without this feature does not bother one bit. However noisy shutter, misplaced light meter, no on-off switch does bother me quite a bit . I will be looking at the Canon Canonet, which by some reviews also has an impressive lens.
hi I have just bought an sp. The aperture, speed and focus rings are plastic and feel a little loose and clunky. Is this the same on your cameras? Rgds David
wonderful review, you have made me almost want to shoot film. I have been on eBay to see wat is about but no SP only the other vairiants.
I’ve got a Ricoh 500G rangefinder similarly not provisioned with a meter on/off switch. But, it will shut down the light meter when the shutter is set to B. That won’t work on the SP?
The 1.4-1.45v zinc air batteries, when tested under a load (very important) actually measure at almost exactly 1.35v. They don’t last long, maybe just a couple of months, but they hold pretty close to 1.35v until dead, and they are super cheap, about 25 cents each if you but in bulk. My SP, with a zinc air installed, measures almost dead even with my Minolta AutoMeter Vf.
Another regular SP user here 🙂 I don’t bother with the camera’s meter using Sunny16 tables or Sekonic spot meter (charity shop major bargain 🙂
Matt, have you considered the Olympus the SP replaced, the Olympus 35 LC? Same lens but in a bigger housing, so 55mm filters.
Different shutter though, a Copal that goes ‘tsk’ with no vibration 😀 Why the SP goes ‘clunk’ as the shutter opens is really not good and maybe why some here find the RC sharper. I do wonder at 1/30 or 1/60th handheld.
The lens has a DoF scale, and the shutter and aperture rings move together keeping the same EV (though that is not displayed) if you turn the shutter ring. The aperture ring has no click stops.
Manual only and no flash GN guide
Meter is within the filter ring. Center a needle either on the top plate or in the viewfinder.
Slightly larger viewfinder with only a bright line (which moves to counter parallax) and tiny area (within the bright line) like a spirit level where you center the needle.
No cut out on the bottom plate, straight lines for the fixing of new foam.
The 35 LC body is slightly larger than the SP and about 10% heavier. The depth is about a filter width deeper. The case is hard leather and won’t fit a SP or vice versa.
You got your SP at a bargain price these days! I got my three (I know) SP’s for around the same TEN years ago when the auction site was mainly auctions 😉 The LC a week ago for 36 pounds. It’s a much rarer camera, less well known and so not thought of as an ‘investment’. Ah, maybe I shouldn’t be singing it’s praises : /
Anyone who loves the Konica S2 will love the LC cos that’s what it feels like in operation rather than a SP. It feels like a mid 60’s rangefinder i.e more metal, less plastic. Looks wise, I think it looks cheaper. Actually I’m thinking of blanking out the front logo with some insulation tape. Somehow feels an advantage with street shooting 🙂
IMHO Olympus left too many actually useful features off the SP and the addition of a spot meter doesn’t compensate for them. The only thing that stops the LC from being my perfect rangefinder is the ease that you could touch and shift the aperture.ring without knowing it. So a bit of insulation tape to keep it set just in case and change the shutter speed as the sun goes in and out of cloud 🙂
btw I’m not selling my SP’s, I’ll need them if anything happens to my LC 😉 ‘clunk’
Yeah that LC does sound good. Sounds a balance between the good features of the SP and sorting out some issues. Maybe I’ll look into one at some point. Definitly trying to avoid buying cameras for now. Also, i do like having that spot meter…maybe i just need to buy a 1 degree external spot meter. The RD seems a good alternative too. For now my SP RC combo suffice.
Thanks for the full and engaging article. I have the SP and DC. I recently took them untested to New York. I hope it doesn’t prove to be foolhardy! Awaiting the results. The SP feels great in the hand. It has that little bit of Olympus magic, just like the OM-1.
@mparry1234 @ILFORDPhoto I have the RC…best small camera I’ve ever owned, the lens is pin sharp & t… https://t.co/SfVFprV8Hd
Very informative article – and fantastic pictures as well – thank you.
I’ve been wanting an SP since I was bitterly disappointed in my experience shooting with a Trip.
A compact fixed lens RF would slot nicely into my camera collection and I’ve been looking at SP’s for a while now.
My SP has no battery check button. Is your an SPn the later slightly modified version?
I believe there was a period near the end of production, just before the N, where they were fitted with the battery check. His is a very high serial number.
Matt’s photos are great and quite sharp. The SP I had for a while just had an above average lens. There was nothing special about it. I’ve seen this with photos taken by most other SPs. I believe the RD actually has the best lens when compared to the SP and the RC.
Thanks. Interesting about what you say. Haven’t tried he RD. I’ll have to put it on my list of Olympus rangefinders to try
Love the sp, used it when i went to kabul in 2011. Unlike the previous poster i actually prefer the 35rd because it is small and the lens, while not as good as the sp, is one and half stop faster than the rc. The only real issue with the whole series is that zone/ scale focusing is difficult, as there are no dof markings on the lens and the camera has shutter priority and not aperture priority. I still use the rd regularly, on manual mode. Thanks for the article.
Here is one from the market in kabul, kodak trix and oly 35 sp.
Thanks for your comment, Ray! The pocketability of the DC, RC and RD is what attracted me to them. That photo is lovely! If you’re ever interested in submitting a travelogue article about your time in Kabul, I’d love to share it with the EMULSIVE community!
EMULSIVE – film.photography Would siomething like this be interesting: https://www.facebook.com/notes/ray-toei/developing-different-films-at-the-same-time/10154618287827602/?ref=notif¬if_t=like¬if_id=1493632351592116
EMULSIVE – film.photography Would siomething like this be interesting: https://www.facebook.com/notes/ray-toei/developing-different-films-at-the-same-time/10154618287827602/?ref=notif¬if_t=like¬if_id=1493632351592116
No sense, IMO, in worrying about the meter being on. Zinc/air batteries like the Wein Cell will start degrading anyway the second you remove the seal, and IME much faster than the puny amount of charge required for the meter can discharge them.
BTW, with my cameras and meter that still use these old mercury 1.35V batteries I found another solution on some forum years ago. I use hearing-aid batteries. They employ the same tech as the Wein Cell (so zinc/air etc.), and even if often you will find them only rated 1.45V I have yet to see any error in metering even with my Lumasix (and I don’t know why, but in Italy I can usually find even the 1.35V version. Maybe hearing aids work on a different voltage here?).
You will just have to shim them in place with a bit of cardboard. The best thing about them? The price is around 15$ for 60 (yes, sixty) batteries…
I’ve given up on getting the voltage right in cameras like this. I shoot print film 99% of the time; the inherent exposure latitude is enough to make up for any sins alkaline batteries commit.
Also my favorite if it comes to manual rangefinder. Tack sharp lens with lovely jellyfish shaped lens flares. https://flic.kr/s/aHskKxmJdh
Very cool, haven’t had that jellyfish lensflare before.
Another thing to like about the Olympus rangefinders is the flashmatic system which really works well with older manual flashes. As far as the battery, I use a silver oxide hearing aid battery with an o-ring around it for a spacer. They are pretty cheap and are the right voltage. I put a piece of black electrical tape over the sensor window to shut it off between uses. All in all the SP is a great camera, but I, too, tend to use the RC more often – most likely just because of the small size.
This era of cameras look the best. ❤️
Gorgeously put together 🙂
I really, really wanted the 35SP to be great. The viewfinder is big and beautiful, it has manual and automatic controls, the spot meter, and the fast lens. It even fits better in my large hands. Everything was better than my fantastic little 35RC…on paper.
But in real world usage, I consistently get better shots out of the 35RC.
Interesting. I had both the SP and DC and found the SP to be significantly better for my style of photography.
Different use cases and results, no doubt. That’s the wonderful thing about all these lovely film camera choices!
EMULSIVE – film.photography Very true. I’ve had cameras that didn’t mesh with my style that other people absolutely love (Contax T2 comes to mind.)
Hi, your SP is a bit of enigmatic me! I thought only the later SPn came with a battery check and they are quite rare. I have a mint SP and I agree, it puts a smile on your face!
I get that you like the RC too. Past few weeks I’ve been using it loads. It is tiny and pocket sized, and still very good. But that SP has just those few extra things I often want in a camera.