This Kodak Duaflex IV has sat on my shelf for 20 years. It has been a family relic for as long as I can remember. Surrounded by a dozen other cameras, it never occurred to me to try it. After all, they don’t make 620 film anymore and the shutter never seemed to work years ago when I played around with it.
Then Covid hit.
Jobs are drying up and I’m bored with nothing to shoot. I see that Kodak Duaflex IV in the back there and wonder… A little wrenching on the very delicate inner workings (lubrication mostly) and I get the first click. It’s Aliiiivah! Yes!
The Kodak Duaflex IV shoots 6×6 (cm) format — 2½” x 2½” — on 620 film. Several YouTube vids instructed how to fairly easily modify a roll of 120 film with some scissors and sandpaper. 120 film and paper are the same size as 620, but you must modify the spool a little to fit. After putting the roll in the camera and manually cranking, I watch for the frame number to appear in the red window on the back. The print is faint and hard to see, but magically “1” appears and it is time to shoot.”
The camera is best held at waist level TLR style to clearly see the entire field of view through the finder. If you have not shot through an old time viewfinder, getting oriented takes some concentration. The subject is reversed, looking as though the camera should move one way to get the frame right, when really it must go the opposite. Subjects in the preview glass look bulbous and slightly distorted, sort of like looking through a fisheye lens. On this camera, there are bits of dust and crud on the mirror making the preview full of specs. Still, pretty cool.
Online research has the shutter speed rated anywhere from 1/30 to 1/60 of a second and this particular lens has an f/15 aperture. Taking photos doesn’t get much simpler than this. I suppose that was the intent of the design. Kodak was bringing photography to the masses in the ’50s, and the Duaflex was an inexpensive (~$25) way to do it. It has a fixed lens, so no shutter speed or aperture to adjust.
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With a 1/30th second (ish) shutter speed and f/15 aperture, I figure subjects pretty much need to be directly sunlit (I was wrong). The Duaflex came with a flash attachment and I’m sure I could find some bulbs to match, but I just want to bring this camera to life again without a lot of hassle and expense. The Model IV has an adjustment on the side that moves from “Inst”- the 1/30th of a second – to “Long” which allows a Bulb feature (shutter stays open for as long as you press the button. Tripod recommended).
The other variable is ISO. I am shooting with ILFORD HP5 PLUS. The combination of that ISO with the fixed 1/30th second lens gives me an EV of ~11, which is easy to work with.
The first time I hit the shutter I couldn’t tell if it had fired. It’s a quiet little click. I am used to the big bang from a medium format or at least the clacking of the mirror in an SLR. The Duaflex has neither. Fortunately, the Model IV has a mechanism to prevent double exposure, thus I can tell the shutter has been activated because it won’t let me fire again until I advance the film. Older Duaflex models don’t have that prevention.
For these 5 Frames, I shot in the Ybor City Historic District of Tampa and many people take notice of this old gem and comment on memories they had of similar rigs. I shot through my roll of 10 frames and hurry home to develop it. What unfolded was fantastic, though very overexposed. I’m sure it was due to a slower-than-average shutter looking at the motion blur in the images. If I use it again I will shoot with a lower ISO to be sure.
None-the-less, I LOVE the look of the images. The cryptic artsy look from the motion blur and that old dirty lens is a thrill. Most cameras take clean clear pics. This one is gritty, dingy, and awesome. In addition, I got to bring that piece of personal history back to life in a camera used by my family 60 years ago. So cool!
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I believe it produced 2 1/4 x 2 1/4 inch negatives, not 2 1/2 …
Chip ..thank you for sharing …oddly enough was thinking of a similar article./but your writing skills are better . I grew up using Ilford film ..Tampa in square format ..lol..I live over the bridge..so downtown Ybor is a go to …I was expecting more chickens by the rail road
Loved your story! I bet that camera did fit right into Ybor city. Maybe the shutter is a little slow from disuse? Maybe it will loosen up with some “exercise.” Neat camera, neat story. Thanks for sharing!
I would check the shutter again; your results really should not look like that. The other possibility might be if you are somehow habitually jerking the camera when pressing the shutter button. The Duaflex makes perfectly good images within its limitations, like all box cameras above the junk level.
Loved the article, Chip. Your enthusiasm is infectious! I need to put my family’s Kodak 620 through it’s paces now…