During a visit in November 2020, my friend Erik gave me a camera on unlimited loan: an Edixa-MAT Reflex, Model C, built around 1960. At the time of its manufacture, it was one of a few West German SLRs with a focal plane shutter, an M42 lens thread, and a Waist Level Finder.

Due to time constraints, I only get time to take photos in town during the week when it is dark. In the first week of January I had the opportunity to try out this camera. Since the settings on this camera are a bit awkward and I didn’t want to meter much exposure externally anyway, I fell back on experience I’ve had digitally.

The film I used was Kodak T-MAX P3200, which I shot and developed for EI 6400. I thought it might get stony instead of grainy, no problem.

For the lens I took the Pancolar f/1.8/50mm, it’s my fastest M42 lens, although the aperture is defective and stuck at f/1.8. But the Pancolar is already so sharp open, a great lens. I used a 1/25 shutter speed, thinking it would work well throughout, and looked for objects that were not too dark — if something was overexposed, it would not be too bad. The contrasts at night are often hefty anyway.

I think Waist Level Finders (WLF) are great, just not necessarily on 35mm camera. And portrait format is very problematic when using them, which is why I like 6×6, by the way. They’re a little fiddly little too. But loading the film was child’s play: slide the film into the slot in the take-up spool, make sure that the perforation click into place, wind, trigger, wind again, close the flap, done.

So off you go.

You might be interested in...

I live in a small town, a very small town. You go through it quickly. Since I no longer have a dog, I need these nightly walks through the small and quiet town for exercise.

After a few years it becomes more and more difficult for me to find new motifs. But a little something can always be found. Day after the previous night’s walk wanted to develop the film. Unfortunately, it wasn’t done yet.

So, the Pancolar had to go. F/1.8 at EI 6400 during the day with this camera? That’s pretty much impossible. I replaced it with a (working) Zeiss Jena Tessar f/2.8/50mm and walked out into a field. It was winter and not so bright, so I got times of 1/250 – 1/500 at F/11 – F/16.

The subsequent push development in Kodak HC-110 was trouble-free, 12min in dilution B (1+31). Later, when scanning, a problem with the camera revealed itself. When I took the pictures during the day, i.e. with short times, the image became slightly darker from left to right. Apparently, the shutter is not running quite synchronously. Either one curtain is too fast or the other is too slow.

I still like the daytime shots, and those grains, they are real rock boulders.

~ Olaf

Submit your 5 Frames... today

Get your own 5 Frames featured by submitting your article using this form or by sending an email via the contact link at the top of the page.

Share your knowledge, story or project

The transfer of knowledge across the film photography community is the heart of EMULSIVE. You can add your support by contributing your thoughts, work, experiences and ideas to inspire the hundreds of thousands of people who read these pages each month. Check out the submission guide here.

If you like what you're reading you can also help this passion project by heading over to the EMULSIVE Patreon page and contributing as little as a dollar a month. There's also print and apparel over at Society 6, currently showcasing over two dozen t-shirt designs and over a dozen unique photographs available for purchase.

About the author

Avatar photo


I'm a hobby photographer who has been pursuing this for a long time. I really started in the mid-1980s, when I got my first and especially my second SLR camera, a Minolta X-300. It still serves me faithfully today. But then it went blow by blow, I discovered...


Join the Conversation



This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

  1. This is such a great film. I always have a roll of either it or Ilford Delta 3200 loaded in a Fed 2 rangefinder sitting around the house for candids. I hadn’t considered daylight photography with it but your photos are great, maybe I ought to try it.

  2. I’ve heard really good things about the Pancolar lens, but that CZJ 50mm f/2.8 Tessar is no slouch either. Very cool shots. I have used HC-110 to push process some rolls in the past as well. They were rolls of Kentmere 400 or Ilford HP5, pushed to 3200 so I could shoot an indoor basketball game. I did not want the extreme grittiness that pushing 3 stops with Rodinal would yield. I was not disappointed.

    1. Thank you Lee! I’m very pleased that you like the photos. Yes, the Pancolar is a fantastic lens.I highly recommend it, even though mine only can do f/1.8. But watch out, this happens more often, I’ve read.

  3. Olaf,
    Thank You.
    I love your images, they have artistic touch.
    Your gear is also very great.
    Not stony, not grainy at all: Bravo.
    Just a character of 6400 iso on film. This is better texture than the noise of digital cameras which is si uggly.