Traditional photographic processes require forethought, preparation and involvement on the part of the photographer. To demonstrate this, I made crumpets from scratch and then made cyanotypes using them. Because, obviously.

With my confusing lead-in out of the way, let me rewind a little.

In early 2019, 100 members of the analogue photography movement were randomly selected to take part in a survey. In it, one simple question was asked – What’s your favourite thing about the film community?

A record was set when just one person responded before the deadline. Their response?


So, if you want to hold someone responsible for what you are about to witness, blame the 1%.

Preparing your cyanotype paper

The first step was to coat my own cyanotype paper. The recipe I used for this experiment is from ‘Cyanotype – Historical and Alternative Photography’ by Pete Mrhar and is the modern formula emulsion.

Creating the two required solutions involves weighing the raw chemicals, adding distilled water and putting them into storage bottles. All pretty simple stuff, but buy the book (or follow similar instructions) and make sure you adhere to all the safety procedures.

Once the two solutions are prepared they are then combined in equal quantities and painted (using a soft brush) over the required paper/material, which is then left to dry overnight.

In this case, I used Daler Rowney 300gsm watercolour paper. It’s nice and thick and will look lovely when attached to the fridge with a magnet, used as a bookmark or given as a gift to a special friend you no longer want.

There are plenty of ways of getting started with Cyanotypes without going through this process, you can buy pre-coated paper, pre-mixed chemicals, or a starter kit from Little Vintage Photography.

My advice would be to not use Crumpets as your first print as that’s been done a million times before.

Preparing the crumpets

For completeness, and as we’re all fans of doing things manually here, the crumpets were handmade using the crumpet recipe provided in episode 6 of The Hypersensitive Photographers Podcast. Surely the finest version of the recipe in the world today.

Do not get confused when making the crumpets and cyanotype chemistry. Inevitably, any unused crumpets will be eaten and you do not want any cross-contamination.

Crumpet + Cyanotype = Crumpotype

Making Cyanotypes requires sunshine (or a UV lamp) but there’s no better time than summer to get your paper ready and crumpet mix on the go. If you live in a climate where the sun always shines there’s nothing stopping you making Crumpotypes all year round. Imagine the joy.

First up, you will need a full, untoasted (fairly soft) crumpet.

The crumpet is placed between a piece of the cyanotype paper and a plexiglass sheet, which is clamped down to prevent it from being eaten by birds.

Soft Crumpet + Plexiglass
Soft Crumpet + Plexiglass

Next, the assembly is placed in bright sunlight and left for approx 30mins (midday sun, late June, UK)

Soft Crumpet Exposure
Soft Crumpet Exposure

After, the exposed paper is washed under gently running water for 15mins.

Crumpotype Wash
Crumpotype Wash

The result of this, although having the distinct shape and actual size, was lacking somewhat in the all-important central, bubble holes.

Soft Crumpet Done
Soft Crumpet Done

This was nice but not optimal.

The next test was produced by carefully slicing off the top of the crumpet, as it was the crumpet base that was preventing light from reaching the paper through the crumpet bubble holes (technical term).

For this experiment, these were spread using a cocktail stick.

Expanding Crumpet Holes
Expanding Crumpet Holes

I really wanted an image that represented the holey goodness of a crumpet, as this is the most important part, allowing the butter to soak deep into the depths.

Test 2 was on a cloudy day so decided to leave it to expose for 1 hour.

Sliced Crumpet Done
Sliced Crumpet Done

I felt it still wasn’t representing crumpets to their maximum potential, so it was time for test 3. The final images you see below were made from two crumpets with the most potential and their ‘tops off’. To further ensure my new crumpet holes were not squashed shut, the slices were then returned to the frying pan and crisped.

This meant that the holes would remain well-formed and rigid during the exposure but unfortunately, it made them shrink.

Exposing with crumpets - Ilford FP4 PLUS
Exposing with crumpets – Ilford FP4 PLUS

It was a ridiculously sunny day and left them to expose for only 20 mins.


Tops Off - Final
Tops Off – Final

The final exposures are currently displayed on the fridge waiting to be purchased/stolen/thrown in the bin.

And there we have it, a new art form is made: the Crumpotype. The final image will depend on a combination of your culinary skills (both cooking and knife-work. And although I can recommend eating left over (unused) crumpets, I’m not so sure about eating those used for making the Crumpotypes.

Best check with your medical healthcare professional…or just throw them away to once you’re done.

Have fun!

~ John

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About the author

John Whitmore

UK photographer, shooting on film because I’m drawn to the pace, tangibility and aesthetics. B&W Landscape and documentary photography are what I generally pursue but always like to experiment with different subjects, films and processes.

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  1. This made me laugh…I am considering to use cyanotype visuals for logo creation for my tiny sourdough start up home bakery as I love it…and would you believe it…I did consider to give it a go with a nice open crumb slice of bread…so not so far fetched at all…however..might maybe stick with some barley, wheat spike ones and give it a go…I feel heartened that it is doable and would be great to have a logo or artwork from myself that relates to what I am doing and where the flour comes from…sun….. water…so actually similarities in the process which I find beautiful….

  2. This is goofy beyond belief! Your crumpotype images resemble NASA close-ups of asteroids!