Back in the 1980s, I briefly worked for a film processing service in London’s West End. From time to time, people would drop in a mysterious Orwo branded film that our labs couldn’t handle because (they said) it used a strange propriety process that originated “behind the Iron Curtain” and could only be processed there. This, of course, made it immediately desirable by me and was naturally impossible to source and impossible times ten to get processed anyway.

Being a fully paid-up nerd that didn’t stop me wanting some. Well, I got my chance in 1983 on a trip to West Berlin, which involved a hop over the Wall to the East, and some complicated arrangements when I got back. In short, I was able to send the film to the Orwo factory in East Germany and some weeks later got my negatives back. Mission accomplished.

It had an unusual colour palette that I rather liked it but was, I’m told, rather unreliable and varied a lot from batch to batch. It seemed strong on reds though, perhaps to benefit all those revolutionary red flags.

Fast forward some 30-ish years and a pack of ten rolls of Orwocolor NC21 fell into my lap, some of the last of these films ever made before the factory switched to the more conventional C41 process. The film’s native C5168 process had evolved from an early Agfa process similar to C22 and is processed cold at 20 degrees Celcius. Lucky for me, a few specialist labs around Eastern Europe will still process it, so I had a go with a couple of rolls in my Canon EOS 300, initially dismissing the myth of one-stop lost sensitivity for each decade. The result was virtually nothing to see.

OK so maybe it’s not a myth, after all. I next shot the film at EI 50 (1 stop over the film’s native ISO 100), and this time got some decent shots other than fogging at the edges of the film and the frames nearest the leader, where background radiation had more effect over the decades. The deeper wound parts of the film were more protected and clearer.

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A springtime walk along London’s River Thames came up somewhat contrasty but acceptable, albeit with gigantic grain. Perhaps next time I’ll shoot at EI 32 or 25 and see what happens. In these pics, you can see the difference between the frame near the leader which features South Bank Centre (#4, very fogged), and the gardens much deeper wound in (#5, hardly fogged at all).

Not bad for film that expired in 1992.

If you’re curious as to how this East German film looked when exposed new, I’ve uploaded that film I shot in the 1980s onto Flickr: (you’ll need to be signed in to see it).

Thanks for reading!

~ Cliff

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About the author

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Cliff McMahon-Docherty

London photographer, mostly analogue these days. Collector and user of vintage consumer-level cameras. Loves to experiment and hoping to achieve bankruptcy by photography one fine day.

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  1. Hi there, great article. Do you mind sharing the names of the labs that still does the C5168 process? It would be much appreciated. Thanks!